Common Wood Types
June 25, 2018
When it comes to woodworking, there are two main classifications
of common wood types: softwoods and hardwoods. Though judging
by the name itself, these woods don't necessarily mean that one is
sturdier or "harder" than the other. Wood classifications depend on
the type of tree they come from and how their seeds are
Trees that produce seeds with a covering (an example being an
acorn) are called "angiosperm." Trees that don't provide their
seeds with extra protection or a shell are called "gymnosperm,"
which are considered softwood. Hardwood trees take a longer time to
grow, so their structure can be considered denser than softwood.
This will mean that you can pay a pretty penny, but most antiques,
cabinetry or flooring tend to be crafted from hardwood.
Here are the most common of each:
Softwoods (or conifers): cedar, pine, fir,
spruce, and redwood
Hardwoods (or deciduous trees): oak, maple,
ash, birch, mahogany, cherry, and walnut
After you've selected which wood you'll be working with, it's
onto deciding which stain or finish to use. Our easiest to use dye
Solar-Lux, can be sprayed, brushed or wiped onto bare wood for
a deep penetration and colorful transparency. Wait five minutes and
move onto applying a finish coat of varnish, polyurethane, oil or
conventional lacquer to seal and protect your project.
Not sure which to pick? Read our
Wood Finishing 101: How to Choose A Finish to make that
decision a bit easier.