Whether it's the new couch you just bought or the hand-me-down
ottoman from your mother-in-law, furniture made with leather can be
found throughout the house. Without proper care and protection,
leather can become worn out, prone to tear, and even fade due to UV
exposure. This blog post will educate you on 5 of the most common
pieces of leather, a flow-chart to help identify the types you may
have, and some products that can help protect and prolong the life
of your furniture.
5 Types of Leather
1. Aniline (also known as Natural) (A)
The reason that Aniline is called Natural is because there are
no protective treatments applied, and the actual gaining
imperfections are unique from piece to piece - making it much like
that of a human and their respective finger prints. With no
protection applied, Aniline Leather tends to show wear and tear, UV
exposure, scratches, and much more of leather much more
2. Semi-Aniline (A)
Semi-Aniline is more practical than Aniline simply because it
has a thin coating over it that offers protection. In order to
display the natural appearance of the leather, Semi-Aniline is
covered with a slightly pigmented coating to which transparent
colors are applied to give the appearance of leather. The
Semi-Aniline is ideal for those who are looking to keep the natural
look of Aniline while having the protection of Pigmented/Top
3. Pigmented/Top Coated (P)
This leather type is the most commonly used finishing technique
for leather. The finish consists of an opaque (does not reflect
light) base coat followed by a protective topcoat. Since the
natural color of the leather is covered completely, the leather can
be identified by its uniform color. This type of leather is most
common on furniture or automobile seats due to its durability and
protection from stains and spilling.
4. Nubuck (N)
Nubuck is Aniline leather, only sanded down to give a rough,
velvety surface. Nubuck is ideal for furniture since it more
durable and less expensive than suede. Nubuck is sanded on
the outer surface of the leather rather than the inside like that
of suede. Due to the easy staining qualities of nubuck, it is
crucial to remove stains as soon as they happen and apply
protecting solutions on a regular basis.
5. Pull-Up (X)
Pull-Up is an aniline dyed leather that carries natural oils
and/or waxes instead of being covered in topcoats. The name
"pull-up" describes how the leather shows a lighter color whenever
it is bent, stretched, or pulled. This leather is categorized
as natural since they do not have a thick topcoat. Surface pull-up
scratches are easy to remove - simply rub your finger over the
scratch. The oils from your fingers will smooth out the
Follow the chart below to figure out which leather you
How to Clean and Protect Your Leather:
The best way to prevent something from happening to your leather
is to regularly clean and protect it.
Note: Some products listed below cannot be used on different
types of leather. The letter next to the product denotes
which type of leather it can be used on.
Cleaning: The first step in the process would
be to clean the area. With the area of the leather clean, this
enables the stain remover, scratch remover, and protecting
solutions the necessary conditions to work the best.
- Mohawk Consumer Products Leather Cleaner (A)(P)(X) is
formulated to be used on all Top Coated, Aniline, and Grained
leathers. Given the neutral pH water-based formula, this cleaner
will gently yet thoroughly clean the area without harming the feel
or beauty of the leather.
Scratch Remover (A)(X): The Scratch Remover was developed in order to help
blend and heal surface scratches of Pull-Up and Aniline Leather.
The formula is water-based and rather easy to use - paint it on and
simply rub it in.
Ink Remover (P): Whether it's grass or pen
stains, Mohawk has got you covered. The Ink Remover is perfect for removing recent
(3-5 days) stains on Vinyl and Top Coated leather
Leather Protector: Finally, applying a
protectant to the leather surface enables the leather to reduce the
wear and tear from daily activities, as well as help protect
against future stains.
- Mohawk Consumer Products Leather Protector (A)(P) creates an
invisible yet breathable barrier that helps improve cleanability
and stain resistance. It helps repel alcohol, oil, water based
stains, and protein. Please allow 24 hours to dry in order to
achieve maximum protection.
There you have it. The whole process - from learning to
identifying to cleaning and protecting. We suggest you clean and
protect your leather at between 4-8 times a year! If you have any
questions, feel free to tweet us @MohawkConsumer or message us on our Facebook.